The Main Parts of a Stove Explained (with Diagram)

The stove is one of the most common pieces of equipment in every kitchen. Most people would prepare hundreds of meals on the kitchen stove without ever needing to learn its fundamental parts. However, not only can knowing the parts of your stove help you use it better, but it can also make repairs faster when the stove breaks down. All kitchen stoves, electric or gas, have the same basic parts. If you want to get more familiar with your stove, here’s what all the parts illustrated with a custom diagram are called.

Parts of a Stove Diagram
Parts of a Stove Diagram


Most stoves, whether electric or gas, come with four burners, each of different sizes, and offers high, low, or medium heat input. They are the part of a stove that supplies heat to your pot. The The larger burners of your stove will work best with your larger pots, while smaller burners are better suited to smaller cookware. The size of burners often differs by model.

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Burner Covers

The kind of fuel used by a stove determines the appearance of its burners. Different stove types can make burners look different. Gas burners are available in either sealed or open designs. Open burners burn a whole lot faster than even the fastest burning sealed burners. With sealed burners, the heat is concentrated in the middle of the cooking surface, so food in the center of your pot would cook faster than the food not close to the center of your pot. Sealed burners, on the other hand, have their heat spread across the base of the pot, instead of just being concentrated in the center, this means that there are fewer instances of food burning with sealed burners than there are with open burners.

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Open burners are popularly used in a commercial kitchen, these burners come in various sizes and are more suited for the several sizes of pots and pans found in commercial kitchens. Sealed burners are preferred for residential kitchens because of their eye-catching look and aesthetic appeal. You may also find sealed burners in commercial kitchens. However, open burners are more popular in residential kitchens than sealed burners. This is all down to personal preference.

Control Panel

The control panel of a stove enables you to use and adjust the different functions on the stove. The controls on a stove are typically push-buttons and apart from being able to turn the stove off and on, the controls can also be used to change the temperature in the warming drawer or oven. The knobs that control the burners can be found on the control panel.

Drawer or Door

Most stoves come with ovens and warming drawers and these parts usually have a drawer or door mechanism that allows you open and close it.

Drip Pan

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Drip pans can be found below the burner on stoves with sealed burners. These pans are used to collect any dribbles or overflows from the stove. These pans can be removed when they need to be cleaned or replaced.


Grates are the framework of metal that sits above burners. A stove’s grates help spread heat evenly beneath the pots. Cast iron is used to make the grates for gas burners. The grates on electric stoves are made of ceramic glass. There are two options for grates: one per burner, or they can be continuous grates. Continuous grates are able to carry larger pots and can be moved from one burner to another easily. They also heat heat more slowly.

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Many stoves come fitted with an oven for cooking food. Some ranges can include more than one oven or warming drawer depending on the size of the stove.

Oven Racks

Kitchen stoves comprise a few adjustable oven racks. These racks can be easily removed for cleaning and moved away from higher temperatures during cooking, depending on what you need.

Other less frequently mentioned parts of a kitchen stove include gas valves, thermostats, and pilot lights.

Induction Stoves

On induction stoves, cooking is done on a flat glass surface fitted with electromagnetic heating coils. These heaters run on electromagnetic energy, which can only be activated if the iron is in your cookware. The iron in your cookware will react to the heaters and heat up quickly. This is unlike anything you’ll see with a gas stove or an electric where heat is transferred from burners to pots and pans during cooking.

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With induction stoves, only the cookware heats up while the glass surface of the stove remains cool and safe to touch. This means that the induction stoves start cooking a lot more quickly than the gas or electric stove because unlike with the latter, you don’t have to wait for induction stoves to heat up first. A lot of people wonder about the difference between induction stoves and electric stoves.

Induction stoves use electricity to heat the pots and pans directly while their surface remains cool to touch even during the process of cooking. Electric stoves, on the other hand, are also stoves that get their heat from electricity but they are made with coiled metal elements covered with a ceramic surface, the metal elements heat the ceramic surface electronically to the preferred temperature. An electric stove has similar parts to a gas stove but the parts of an induction stove are a little different.


Parts of Induction Stove

Control Panel

Induction stoves come with a digital display that shows their heat settings either on a numerical scale or in degrees as temperature. The control panel can be used as touch screens, but you may occasionally find an induction stove that has knobs.


Knobs are more commonly seen in electric stoves and rarely in induction stoves. They are the buttons on the outside that control the oven’s burners. You’ll typically find the knobs on the top of the stove or in front of it.


Induction stoves do not have burners; instead, they have electromagnetic heating coils that transfer heat-producing currents to your pots so that your pots and pans become the burners.


Induction cookware comes attached with sensors in every inductor to detect the temperature of the pot or pan cooking. These sensors ensure that the supply of current is cut off if the pot or pan overheats.

Further Reading:

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  • Standard Sizes For Various Types of Stoves

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