25 Essential Kitchen Sink Parts with Detailed Explanation

As a homeowner, it’s better to recognize and understand the kitchen sink parts in detail. It will come in handy when you find a problem with one of them that hinders your housework.

It could be one of several things. The problem could be that the drains are blocked or that water is not flowing smoothly out of the faucet. In these cases, you will need to repair the faucet or get a new one.

But don’t worry, because the problems that are not too severe will be able to solve yourself quickly without requiring you to have specific skills.

Everything can be easily solved by simply following instructions or YouTube videos.

Instead of calling a plumber, you can fix them yourself by correctly identifying the essential parts of your kitchen sink.

This will not only save you time but also allow you to reduce your monthly expenses.

Kitchen Sink Parts Diagram to Guide You Understanding the Dish Washer Anatomy Properly

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Not many people aware that there are quite a lot of kitchen sink parts that support the creation of this dishwasher.

While some of them are the most important ones that you should know well—starting from the kitchen sink plumbing, a strainer to the faucet.

This article provides a kitchen sink parts diagram coupled with detailed explanations for each part to make it easier for you to understand.

These are the names of 25 different parts for wash basin sinks that you need to be aware. Without further ado, let’s find out those parts.

What Are the Parts of a Kitchen Sink Called?

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1. Countertop

A countertop is one of the many kitchen sink parts that has a flat surface surrounding your washbasin. Usually, this section is made of soapstone, marble, or granite, which functions as the washing space’s working area.

2. Sink

Once talking about the sink, this section also comes with several nicknames, namely washbasin, sinker, hand-basin, and wash-bowl.

A sink is a rectangular-shaped plumbing fixture. It holds water flow and can also be used to wash your dishes. This is a place to wash dishes and also clean vegetables, fruits, and other small items.

It is an essential part of every kitchen sink.

3. Escutcheon

The escutcheon is one of the few parts of a kitchen sink faucet. It is a metal plate that covers the tap feature.

This section is often called the cover plate. This escutcheon is used to protect the pipe and valve holes. It also serves an aesthetic purpose for a neater installation.

4. Faucet Lever

The lever is one of the kitchen sink parts that is often found attached to an integral part of the faucet itself. It can be installed separately on some models.

The faucet lever is used to regulate water flow. Later, the water will come out of the spout.

Faucet levers can be made from a variety of materials, including stainless steel, plastic and brass.

5. Spray Hose

The spray hose is one part of the tap features that connect or direct the faucet’s water supply. This part is usually visible on the pull-out kitchen tap.

You can also see the rest of it underneath your washbasin.

6. Trap

The trap is one of several kitchen sink parts located at the bottom of the washbasin, which has a P-like shape. This device traps the dreck and prevents sewer gases from getting into the house.

7. Dish Washer Water Supply

The dishwasher water supply is a device at the bottom of the sink that functions as a line for clean water, later sprayed through the faucet.

8. Dish Washer Drain Hose

The dishwasher drain hose is one of several kitchen sink parts that pumps or direct wastewater to the garbage disposal. Usually, if there is a problem with this component, the remaining water in your basin will stagnate.

So, when that happens, try to check what’s clogging this line so that the drainage flow returns to normal.

9. Garbage Disposer

Garbage disposer or some call it disposal, is a device that resembles a chamber that functions to grind out food scraps that have a solid texture.

All kitchen scraps are pulverized in this part to make them safer and not clog the kitchen sink parts.

The garbage disposer is one of the many parts for your kitchen sink. It is located between drain and trap on the bottom side.

10. Shutoff Valve

The shut-off valve, also known as the cut-off and stop valve, is a feature that is located beneath your kitchen sink, usually right at your water supply line.

This fixture controls water flow to the faucet. It is especially useful when the appliance needs to be used for repairs.

If you turn it off, water flow will stop and will not reach the sink.

11. Kitchen Sink Strainer Flange

One of the many kitchen sink parts installed inside the washbasin comes first with the strainer flange.

What is a sink Flange? A flat metal disk attached to a strainer is the sink flange. This fixture holds the drain in place so that it can be attached to the washbowl.

Usually, you can see this sink fixture in the middle of the basin surface, and it will be easy to spot with just one look.

12. Strainer Body

If you are really curious about what is the thing under the sink called? There are many answers.

The strainer body is the most important. This is a component of your kitchen sink that filters debris when you wash your dishes.

This helps to prevent food waste from entering the water system. It also prevents drain clogging issues.

13. Rubber Gasket

Rubber gaskets are another essential element of many kitchen sink parts that you can encounter. It seals two surfaces of the dish washer set.

It will prevent liquids and gases from entering your home via the sewer.

14. Friction Gasket

It is the barrier referred to in the previous explanation. This friction gasket can be found by removing the strainer pieces from the bottom of your sink.

You will find the friction gasket between the rubber and strainer nuts. This part acts as a protective barrier and creates friction between the moving surfaces.

This will ensure that the locknut is securely fastened.

15. Hot Water Supply Line

The hot water supply line is one of the kitchen sink parts that functions to control the water flow that comes out of the faucet, especially for the warm ones.

It is fairly easy to locate this component. The hot water supply line installation will be on the left side, and the cool one on the right.

16. Cold Water Supply Line

By system, the cold-water pipe has the same function as the hot water supply line. It regulates the water flow from your primary water source up to the faucet at the dishwasher’s surface.

The difference between the cold-water supply line with the hot one is only in the temperature of the flow it carries. It is located under the sink, between the plumbing to the right.

17. Aerator

The aerator is one of the kitchen sink parts attached to the faucet head.

If you pay attention to your tap in detail, you will be able to find a disc with fine holes resembling a filter. This faucet fixture functions to regulate water flow into many small streams to avoid the basin’s heavy flow and spurt.

This faucet fixture can reduce the volume of water flowing from your faucet slowly.

18. Faucet Handle/Lever

All fixtures in the kitchen appliance need a handle or lever to control their usage. Be it the lamps, ovens, and stoves, likewise, with the kitchen sink.

The faucet lever can be described as a controller. It turns on or off your dishwasher’s water flow.

This element is essential in order to manage the water flows once dishes are washed.

19. Spout Assembly, the Most Eye-catching Fixture among Other Kitchen Sink Parts

One of the kitchen sink parts that you can also find quickly is the spout assembly. You will find the location of this fixture on your faucet kit.

Spout assembly is the component that channel the water flow from the washbasin’s body into the surface area. It’s also where an aerator is located.

Spouts assembly comes in many designs, ranging from straight and simple style to ones with a gooseneck shape.

20. Spray Head

The spray head is one of the kitchen sink parts with a function almost the same as the faucet spout, which is to spray the water streams to the basin surface.

Some things that make the spray head slightly different from the spout faucet are function, flexibility, and ability to reach the washbowl’s area.

The spray head can also be pulled out if the spout kit has an embedded kitchen sink fixture.

The faucet spout becomes the standard fixture for washing dishes, hands, fruits, and vegetables. The spray head, on the other hand, is used to clean the surrounding area of the washbasin.

21. Supply Tube

This is one of the devices that can connect the water supply to the faucet surface. This tube is also known as a supply tub. It looks similar to the drain tube in terms of size and shape. It is a completely different fixture.

This component is often found at the bottom of your wash-bowl.

22. Locknut

Try observing your kitchen strainer once more.

If you find a device with a round shape located right at the bottom of the strainer cup, it is called a locknut or spud nut.

The locknut is a fixture that functions to tighten the drain basket part with other connected surfaces beneath. This component locks the drain parts to prevent leakage.

23. Cleanout

Cleanout is one of the most helpful kitchen sink parts. You can quickly spot any blockages in the dishwasher water line with this pipe.

This component can be used to clean out drain lines and help you fix dirt blockages.

24. Drain Pipe

According to the kitchen sink drain plumbing diagram above, you can find out that the drainpipe is a dishwasher component with a long tube shape installed under your washbasin.

This section is responsible for removing wastewater and sewage from your house.

The drain pipe can also regulate the pressure of your plumbing system, so it doesn’t clog. These components are typically made from metal or plastic.

25. Compression Coupling

Last but not least, from many kitchen sink parts comes a compression coupling or fitting. It is a device that connects two pipes or a pipe with other elements such as a shutoff valve or other under sink fixtures.

The compression coupling generally has three components, which are arranged from top to bottom. These parts include the compression nut and ring as well as the seat.

Final Thought

Learning to know the kitchen sink parts in detail will help you understand each device’s functions better.

Understanding the parts of the kitchen sink will make it easier to maintain your dishwasher. It will also allow you to repair the dishwasher yourself if the problem is discovered.

You will save money on other household expenses. Additionally, you can purchase parts for your kitchen sink and keep them at home. In case your sink suddenly breaks, you can always store spare parts.

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