Modern vehicles are equipped with plenty of advanced systems designed to keep you safer on the road. One of these systems is the Vehicle Dynamic Control (VDC) that is meant to improve traction. When there is a problem with this system, you may see the VDC light come on the dashboard.
We review the reasons the VDC light might come on and show you what you can do about it.
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VDC Light Meaning
VDC stands for Vehicle Dynamic Control and the VDC light illuminates when there is an issue with the anti-lock brake system or the traction control system.
Vehicle Dynamic Control (VDC) works with your car’s anti-lock brake system to provide more traction. When VDC is engaged, you might feel some vibration occur in the brake pedal. This doesn’t mean that something is wrong with the system; it only indicates that everything is working as it should.
In most cases, the VDC is going to apply brakes individually at the wheels to counteract any slippage that occurs. If the vehicle is understeering, VDC applies the brakes on the outer front wheel, causing it to turn the way it should. While VDC will not steer the vehicle, it does offer input to make the car easier to maneuver.
The VDC system is consistently monitoring the direction and steering of the vehicle. It compares the intentions of the driver and what the vehicle actually does. If the paths are the same, VDC does nothing. However, if there is a problem, the VDC system enables to counteract the loss of traction and wheel slippage.
VDC Light Causes
The most common causes of a VDC light is a defective ABS wheel sensor, malfunctioning steering angle sensor. If you are driving on low-quality roads, it can also be caused by a defective ABS wheel sensor or malfunctioning steering angle sensor. It can also be caused by a defective steering rack or control module.
Here is a more detailed list of the common causes of a VDC light:
1. Defective Wheel Sensors
At each wheel, there are sensors attached that monitor speed and function. Any information provided by these sensors is sent to the ECU for analysis. For example, if a wheel begins to slip, causing it to turn faster than the others, the speed is sent to the ECU to show there is a problem.
The VDC system kicks in to reduce power to that wheel and provide better traction. If the wheel sensor fails, however, it is possible that the correct data will not be sent. The VDC light will go on, alerting you that the sensor is broken or has debris on it.
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2. Malfunctioning Steering Angle Sensors
Any wheel that has traction control is also going to contain steering angle sensors. The job of these sensors is to measure the angle of the wheel as you drive. However, the sensors are subject to malfunction because of their location.
When the sensors fail or become contaminated with debris, the VDC light will come on. This can occur even if you drive on smooth roads without traction control.
3. Low-Quality Roads
The VDC system is meant to create stability while traveling across slippery terrain. If the conditions are severe, however, the system may malfunction.
If you are driving across ice and snow, you might see the VDC light come on for a moment until traction is restored. Once the car is driving again normally, the light should vanish.
4. Bad Steering Rack
The steering rack is responsible for controlling the wheels based on the input from the steering wheel. It is part of the steering system and can be found on the car’s body.
The hydraulic fluid turns the wheels. If the rack fails or malfunctions, there might be trouble steering the vehicle, causing the VDC light to turn on.
5. Defective ECU
There are numerous sensors communicating with the car’s computer at all times. The computer interprets the data from sensors and takes it to the computer for action. As the wheels begin to slip, the ECU needs to cut power to the wheel for correction.
But the ECU can go wrong and is not foolproof. When the ECU doesn’t read the messages from the sensors, it could cause the VDC light to come on.
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VDC Light Fixes
To fix the VDC light, you must first figure out what the problem is. If the light is only illuminated because of the road you are on, it should go off when travel returns to normal. This is a problem that can be fixed easily.
However, if the VDC light is on because of a defective sensor, you will need to replace it. Sometimes, you can save money by cleaning the sensors. A mechanic will also check the wiring of the sensors to ensure everything is working as it should.
If your vehicle needs a new steering wheel or ECU, it will be more expensive. The steering rack can be difficult to replace, requiring more time and the ECU must be professionally reprogrammed.
The easiest way to fix a VDC light is by checking the trouble codes with a diagnostic scanner.