Sewing is a hobby that was once associated with elderly women and likely the smell of mothballs. In a time when creativity is alive and well, sewing is highly appreciated and highly profitable. As with engine maintenance, sewing machines need to be checked regularly. This process helps you know how to fix sewing machine timing. Fixing the timing can help you get your machine up and running again, producing quality, stitches, and even more.
One obvious sign to adjust your timing is that you are using a thin needle and a thin thread when working with thicker fabrics. The length of your stitching is uneven. This usually means that your machine’s internal parts are not synchronized. This can be checked by taking out the switch plate and moving slowly with the handwheel, ensuring that the thread is securely inserted into fabric. These adjustments are particularly crucial when working on intricate machine embroidery patterns.
Diagnosing and Fixing the Problem:
The first step is to make sure that you actually need to adjust the timing. Take the time to check your needle. Is your needle straight or bent? Is it the right type to punch through the fabric you are working with? Is the screw in place correctly? Is the thread thick enough? Does it match your fabric? When working with thicker fabric, it is common to use a thin needle and a thinner thread.
One obvious sign to adjust your timing is that you are using a thin needle and a thin thread when working with thicker fabrics. The length of your stitching is uneven. This usually means that your machine’s internal parts are not synchronized. This can be checked by taking out the switch plate and moving slowly with the handwheel. This ensures that the thread is securely inserted into fabric.
If the hook doesn’t hook smoothly, the timing in your sewing machine needs to be adjusted. The exact instructions for your particular sewing machine will vary, but the general instructions should be applicable. To make sure that you accomplish this correctly, take the time to read through your manual. Taking this time to see how your sewing machine differs from these directions will ensure that you can easily adjust your sewing machine’s timing.
The hooks are the most common issue concerning sewing machine’s timing. The second most common issue is related to the needle. The first step is to check the sewing machine’s timing to make sure that there is a problem.
- The first step is to check the direction of the rotation of the hook.
- If the hook is turning clockwise, the needle must be moved to the far right.
- If the hook is turning counter-clockwise, the needle must be moved to the far left.
- The next step is to look at the tip of the hook as it rotates. Do you see the hook going through the eye or under the eye? If it is going underneath the eye then the timing is considered “off.” If the hook is passing above the eye this could be indicative of a timing issue also.
This is a common issue that every sawist has to deal with. Once you know that you need to make an adjustment, make sure that your sewing machine is set to straight stitch. Remove the machine’s base cover if you haven’t yet done so. You’d also have the following tools:
- Small flathead screwdriver
- Flashlight or lamp
- Ruler or Tape Measure
- Sewing Machine Oil
The height of the needle bar will most likely need to be adjusted. Most sewing machines have marks to help you easily set the height of the needle bar. To loosen the needle bar, you will need to consult your user’s manual. Once it is loosened, adjust the height to alight with the top timing mark even with the lowest point on the timing bar bushing.
If the markings aren’t present, the needle will need to be lowered completely with the hand wheel. Move your needle up 2.4 millimeters. Then adjust it so that the point of the hook is 2.4millimeters below. We recommend adding markings to your sewing machine to make this easier if it needs to be done again.
This is the next step to adjust your timing for the hook. Although the process is different for each machine, there are some general guidelines. We recommend consulting your owner’s manual to make sure that there are no model specific alterations to these general directions.
- Use the hand wheel to lower the needle bar as low as possible and loosen the gears in the base.
- Adjust until the hook and the needle are at the proper distance.
- Depending on your unique sewing machine, this distance can range anywhere from 0.04 millimeters to 0.1 millimeters.
To retest the timing to see if the problem has been corrected, replace the thread if necessary and continue your work, keeping the bobbin exposed. If the problem continues, it is probably best to take your machine to an expert and have it check out for repairs.
Congratulations if there is no problem. Your project may be completed. Be sure to clear your gauges and secure each one tightly to prevent this problem from arising in the future. Now that you can confidently say that you know how to fix sewing machine timing, it is time to oil necessary parts (read your manual to know what you should and should not oil), clean debris and lint, and reassemble your machine. Refer to your manual to assure that you assemble it correctly.
Tips and Warnings:
Double check at the beginning that you need to fix the sewing machine timing. Make sure you have the right needle and thread for your task. Unplug the sewing machine. You’ll need to read the warranty and perhaps contact the manufacturer before proceeding. There is a chance that attempting to fix the timing could void the warranty on some brands
Fixing the timing on a sewing machine is an easy step by step process to make sure that you don’t have to replace your sewing machine or pay for costly repairs from a sewing repairman. While we recommend checking your warranty and owner’s manual before proceeding, there are many benefits for taking the time to service your own sewing machine. With these simple directions and owner’s manual combined, anyone can adjust their sewing machine’s timing easily if they know how to fix sewing machine timing!
Q: What is sewing machine timing?
A: Sewing machine timing refers to the relationship between the needle and the shuttle hook. If the timing is off, the needle and the shuttle hook will not work together properly, which can cause skipped stitches, broken needles, and other issues.
Q: How do I know if my sewing machine timing is off?
A: If you are experiencing skipped stitches, broken needles, or other problems, it could indicate that your sewing machine timing is off. You can also check the timing by removing the needle plate and observing the needle and the shuttle hook as you turn the handwheel.
Q: Can I fix the sewing machine timing myself?
A: Fixing sewing machine timing can be a complex process that requires knowledge and experience. It is recommended to have the timing adjusted by a professional to ensure it is done correctly.
Q: How much does it cost to fix the sewing machine timing?
A: The cost to fix the sewing machine timing can vary depending on the machine type and the extent of damage. It is best to check with a professional to get an accurate estimate.
Q: How can I prevent sewing machine timing issues?
A: To prevent sewing machine timing issues, it is important to use the correct type and size of needle for the fabric you are sewing, to keep the machine clean and well-maintained, and to avoid forcing the fabric through the machine.