Fix Your Guitar: Our 10-step Survival Guide

Fix Your Guitar: Our 10-step Survival Guide

We all know, we all know… you’d reasonably play your guitar than spend time fixing it up. However if you’d like it to play effectively, and if you’d like to have the ability to depend on it for gigs and jam classes, then our sensible information to fast and simple tweaks and repairs – from truss rod tweaking to fret-slot fettling – provides you with all the information you want.

The widespread thread operating via all our DIY and workshop options is our want to encourage self-sufficiency in guitar house owners, and prevent cash. For those who perceive the ideas and get hands-on with fundamental upkeep, then you definately’ll make knowledgeable choices about when a visit to the luthier is actually obligatory, or whether or not a minor tweak at house can resolve an issue. That’s what this function is all about.

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There are apparent parallels between automobile and guitar upkeep, and a guitar proprietor’s relationship with the luthier can usually observe an analogous dynamic to that of the automobile proprietor and their mechanic. For instance, should you’ve ever owned an previous Alfa Romeo, chances are you’ll concentrate on one thing known as the ‘Italian tune-up’. The state of affairs goes one thing like this: the proprietor takes nice care of his automobile, by no means driving too quick, all the time accelerating gently and conserving the revs effectively beneath the pink line. However each few months, the automobile begins to really feel sluggish and unresponsive, so the proprietor decides it wants a tune-up and takes it to the storage.

The mechanic pretends to pay attention rigorously because the proprietor particulars all of the signs, waits till he’s out of sight, then takes the automobile for an extended spin so he can rev the crap out of the engine – actually. Having burned and blown away the carbon deposits which have shaped as a result of the engine isn’t getting used as meant, the mechanic returns with an enormous grin and writes an bill. The proprietor is delighted the ‘tune up’ has bought the automobile operating because it’s purported to once more, and the mechanic is delighted as a result of he is aware of he’ll quickly be doing all of it once more.

But if the proprietor was a bit extra savvy, they might have saved themselves some money and trouble, and it’s precisely the identical with many widespread guitar illnesses. By the tip of this function our intention is that you just’ll have all of the data that you must carry out the guitar equal of the Italian tune-up in your gear. So, with our sleeves duly rolled up, let’s crack on…


Right here’s a prompt checklist of instruments to put money into to hold out the vast majority of routine guitar-maintenance duties…

• Varied flat- and cross-head screwdrivers • A set of Allen keys • A string winder • Pliers with wire snips • A soldering iron • A multimeter • Guitar lube • Lighter fluid • Fingerboard oil/conditioner • A socket set/truss rod instruments • End reviver/polish • Spare batteries


If any facet of routine guitar upkeep comes closest to the Italian tune-up analogy, it’s truss rod adjustment. Analysis the topic and also you’ll encounter dire warnings on the hazards of amateurs wielding truss rod wrenches and the way this delicate operation have to be left to ‘certified luthiers’. What constitutes a ‘certified luthier’ stays a thriller; however in your subsequent go to, attempt asking to see your luthier’s {qualifications}. I do know precisely what the response can be if I requested my favorite luthier, however we wouldn’t have the ability to print it. Suffice to say, each ‘certified luthier’ needed to begin someplace – almost definitely by getting caught in to the very duties we’ll present you how one can do on this function.

If the hole between the strings and the seventh and eighth frets is greater or smaller than regular, your truss rod wants a tweak

Getting again to truss rods, many techs get busier twice a 12 months, when purchasers name to say their guitars want organising. These durations are likely to coincide with the climate getting colder throughout autumn and hotter throughout spring. In most cases, these modifications within the climate will trigger necks to bow up or down: the tell-tale signs are a change in a guitar’s motion, and intonation that sounds a bit off. For those who suppose it via, it’s extremely unlikely {that a} bridge’s peak has spontaneously shifted, or its saddles have moved – and on an acoustic, they’ll’t transfer – so any sudden change must be attributed to a neck responding to modifications in atmospheric situations. Necks are all the time transferring to some extent, which could possibly be why your guitar feels higher on some days than others. Truss rod adjustment may be obligatory should you swap to a distinct string gauge, or perhaps a new model of the identical gauge.

Step one to take is to find out what’s occurring with the neck. Solely three specialist instruments are required right here – your ears, your fingers and your eyes. Some use feeler gauges, however in the actual world of worn and uneven frets, their usefulness is moot. If the strings really feel larger than earlier than and notes performed on the twelfth fret sound sharp of the twelfth fret harmonic, the neck might have bowed upwards. Place one finger on the primary fret of the sixth (low E) string and the thumb of your different hand on the identical string on the fret the place the neck joins the physique, after which test the hole between the string and the highest of the seventh or eighth fret. There ought to be a really slight hole, but when this appears larger than typical, that confirms there’s a slight ahead bow and the truss rod must be tightened. The hole known as ‘neck aid’.

Conversely, in case your motion feels too low and also you’re experiencing fret buzzing and choke outs when bending strings, the neck might have bowed backwards. If the intonation check reveals that fretted notes on the twelfth sound flat to the harmonic and the finger check exhibits the string touching the seventh or eighth frets, you may be fairly sure there’s a again bow, and it may be corrected by loosening the truss rod. Accessing the truss rod adjustment level isn’t all the time straightforward.

If it’s on the headstock finish, there could also be a canopy that must be eliminated, or the tip of the truss rod could also be hidden away a centimetre of extra inside a drilled gap. In a well-known instance of Leo Fender not really getting the whole lot proper the primary time round, classic Fender-style necks have their truss rod adjustment on the physique finish, that means chances are you’ll not have the ability to alter the rod in situ with out damaging the pickguard or the end.

Ideally, truss rod changes are made whereas the neck is below string stress, however with these classic Fender-style necks, this normally isn’t potential. Thankfully, you don’t should take away the neck completely to do the job, however you will want to slacken the strings proper off. We advise placing a capo on the first fret to maintain the strings of their nut slots and wrapped round their tuner posts earlier than loosening the neck screws. Try to ease the neck upwards in its pocket till you see the truss rod screw.

When adjusting truss rods, there are two key issues to recollect – all the time use the proper instrument and work slowly. If the truss rod entry is on the physique finish, you’ll almost definitely want a sturdy cross-head screwdriver. Gibson- and PRS-style necks normally function a nut on the finish of the truss rod, so you need to use the appropriately sized socket from a socket set, or purchase a wrench specifically for the job. Specialist suppliers resembling Allparts UK and Tonetech could possibly assist, and you’ll usually discover what you want on eBay. Recessed truss rods on the headstock finish normally require an Allen key. Typically, the toughest half is discovering one of many appropriate dimension, as a result of Fenders made within the US, Mexico and the Far East all have totally different sizes – in metric and imperial. Once more, you need to use a specialist provider, or take your guitar to a very good ironmongery store that retains a big number of Allen keys bought individually.

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Working slowly means checking the neck aid each quarter flip – and naturally, this takes just a little longer when you need to tighten the neck bolts and re-tune the strings each time. To tighten a truss rod, flip it clockwise and to slacken it, flip anticlockwise. If the truss rod doesn’t flip simply and you’re feeling as should you’re needing to use actual pressure, seek the advice of a professional. Truss rods are solely designed for minor corrections and can’t repair badly bent or warped necks. What’s extra, solely dual-action rods can appropriate a again bow. If, after a full flip, the neck downside stays, it’s time to take your guitar to the repairers. Thankfully, main points seldom occur, and we will all carry out minor truss rod tweaks that can preserve our guitars enjoying as they need to.


We’ve all suffered from ‘pot scratch fever’ on occasion, and undesirable electrical noises periodically crop up with any electrical guitar. The all-too-familiar signs embrace crackly pots, sticky switches, intermittent jacks and hum. When these items occur, it’s all too tempting to tear all the center out and alter the whole lot, however repairs are sometimes a neater and cheaper different to substitute. Let’s begin with noisy pots, as a result of they’re the commonest digital downside. Earlier than going any additional, we have to decide if that scratchy sound actually is coming from the quantity pot or some place else. Attempt swapping to a different guitar to see if that sounds scratchy, too. If each guitar sounds scratchy via your amp, the issue is extra prone to be stray present from the amp leaking via the guitar cable.

Many noise points may be fastened with a the appliance of some contact cleaner, but when your wires are badly frayed or hanging off their contacts, then you definately’ll must get your soldering iron out…

Attempt placing a buffered pedal between your guitar and amp, and see if that cures the noise downside. Any Boss pedal will do, and plenty of tuners are additionally buffered. If this cures the scratchiness, it’s time to name the amp tech reasonably than your luthier. By the way, buffered pedals typically treatment scratchy wah pedals, too.

For those who’re nonetheless left with scratchy noises, there could also be dust or oxidisation within the potentiometers, so that they’ll want cleansing. You’ll want contact cleaner, which is available in aerosols with an extension tube for the spray nozzle. The tube enables you to direct the product into the pot casing – as long as you will get on the pot. Issues may be trickier with semis, as a result of there’s no direct entry to the electronics. Try a product known as the Pot Cleansing Cap, as a result of it slips over the pot shaft – after getting eliminated the knob – and lets you pressure cleaner into the pot. In style cleaners embrace Servisol and DeoxIT. Some include lubricant, too, which can assist your handled pots flip extra freely. Simply in case you weren’t already conscious, WD-40 is just not a contact cleaner. After therapy, if the pot continues to be noisy or chopping out in sure areas, it most likely does want changing.


Switches can get noisy and stiff. In actual fact, the 1963 Olympic White Strat we featured within the earlier challenge arrived with a change that will barely transfer. After spraying the contacts with Servisol, we utilized 3-In-1 oil to the change’s pivot level and let it soak in. After a couple of minutes, the 55-year-old change was working prefer it was model new. Jack sockets typically develop into intermittent and if that is taking place, hit a chord and wiggle the cable within the neighborhood of the output socket. If sign cuts out and in, attempt a distinct cable, and if it stops taking place, you’ll understand it’s a cable challenge reasonably than the output socket.

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Let’s assume swapping cables doesn’t treatment it, and the jack socket is the almost definitely wrongdoer. Two issues are potential – firstly, the jack socket has misplaced a few of its springiness and the tip connection is making intermittent contact with the jack plug. If you will get on the jack, attempt gently bending the tip connector in the direction of the centre utilizing pliers.

The second challenge could also be oxidisation on the contacts. You could possibly attempt placing some contact cleaner onto a cotton bud and giving the contacts a scrub. Very tremendous Moist And Dry abrasive will also be used to take away the gunk and reveal untarnished steel. In case your guitar has began producing a load of hum, there could possibly be a fault with its floor connection. You possibly can check this by connecting a wire from the steel exterior casing of the output jack (floor) to the guitar’s bridge. If this reduces or eliminates the hum, you’ll want to search out the damaged connection. Alternatively, you need to use a multimeter to check for continuity between the bridge and floor. If there’s no continuity, a visible inspection of the wiring will normally determine a damaged joint that must be resoldered.


All transferring elements have a tendency to want occasional upkeep and tuners are a chief instance. Over time, they’ll get to really feel free and sloppy, or they might go the opposite approach and get stiff, and even seize up. So, is it new tuner time? Not essentially.

Let’s start with the open-geared tuners which can be generally discovered on acoustics, Gretsches and so forth. There are normally two screws on the gear plate that repair every tuner onto the headstock. Take away the screws to take away a tuner, after which undo the screw holding gear onto the string publish. When the whole lot is dismantled, the steel elements may be cleaned with a naphtha (lighter fluid)-soaked cotton bud.

In case your open-gear tuners are too stiff or too free, you’ll want to scrub out all of the dust and grease utilizing naphtha, then lubricate them with petroluem jelly. When you’ve got sealed-gear tuners, you may tweak the tightness of the buttons themselves utilizing the screws on the gear shafts

It’s possible you’ll discover a load of caked dust and dried grease. As soon as clear, reassemble utilizing petroleum jelly between all of the transferring elements and wipe off any extra earlier than mounting the tuners again on the guitar. The grease tends to solidify contained in the gear housings of Kluson-style tuners, too. Take the tuners off the guitar, warmth them up on a radiator or blast them with a hairdryer and flush the gear housings with naphtha. You possibly can pressure it in with a syringe, however with extraordinarily stiff or seized tuners, chances are you’ll must soak them within the naphtha for a while.

If there are plastic buttons, try to preserve them out of the naphtha. As soon as the tuners are turning freely, flush out any remaining grease, permit the naphtha to evaporate, then use a syringe to inject petroleum jelly into the housing and wipe off any extra.

Even when your tuners are working tremendous, it’s a wise precaution to test the tightness of the fixing screws periodically. Tuners can typically get a bit rattly, too, so test the tightness of the bushing nuts in case your tuners have them. Sealed tuner buttons are all the time held onto the gear shafts by screws, and so they can work free. If there’s any play within the buttons, tighten the screws – however don’t over tighten, as a result of the tuners will stiffen up and be arduous to show.

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Except you’re shopping for a fairly high-end guitar, most guitars are shipped with nuts which have comparatively shallow string slots. Chopping nut slots to an ideal depth takes time, which isn’t conducive to mass-producing guitars. Chopping them simply deep sufficient so the guitar performs, however excessive sufficient to forestall the open strings buzzing in opposition to the first fret, ensures that there will probably be no rejects. The issue right here is that top nut slots are likely to make open chords sound out of tune.

In case your nut slots aren’t lower correctly, tuning points can usually observe – to get issues transferring easily once more you need to use sandpaper to tidy up a slot, or alternatively lubricate it utilizing chrome polish, Nut Sauce or different bespoke options

An E main chord might sound tremendous, however a D main doesn’t. Tune the G string so the D main sounds candy, and your E main will undergo. Excessive nut slots additionally make the guitar more durable to play. Attempt placing a capo on the first fret, be sure that all of the open strings are in tune – a semitone up – and take a look at these open chords once more. In case your guitar performs simpler and sounds extra in tune, the nut slots most likely want consideration and getting a luthier to do it’s most likely cheaper than shopping for a set of nut information.

Italian tuning tune-up

Tuning instability is one other challenge related to rapidly lower nut slots. All too usually, the tuners are blamed and changed unnecessarily, however should you hear pops, clicks and pings whenever you’re tuning up or bending strings, you may conclude that the strings are binding of their slots. Attempt wrapping some 1000-grit abrasive paper round a string and utilizing it to clean the slot. With supplies resembling bone, you can also make the slots smoother nonetheless utilizing chrome polish. Lubricating the slots with Tune-It, Nut Sauce, graphite powder and even petroleum jelly may also guarantee your strings will glide simply.

What may be accomplished about slots which can be too low? In the long run, chances are you’ll must have the nut changed, however there are workarounds that can get you thru the subsequent few gigs – and should even develop into everlasting.

Bone nut slots may be full of baking soda, then a drop of water-thin Tremendous Glue is allowed to wick into the powder and set stable – ideally in a single day. You should use bone mud, too, however the slot must be recut with a needle file or the suitable string wrapped with abrasive paper. If the slot was solely marginally too low to start with, add just a bit powder reasonably than pack the slot to the brim.

Plastic and nylon nuts will not be such a simple repair, however should you’re in a rush, tiny items of paper may be pressed into the offending slots to lift the strings. It might not look fairly, however it does the job. If a couple of of the slots are too low, it might be best to shim the nut. Be warned that the nut and the end may be broken within the means of eradicating a nut, however discover an internet tutorial video and resolve for your self. A single layer of 0.6mm veneer positioned into the nut slot, earlier than the nut goes again in, ought to be ample.


Whether or not it’s a Strat-style ‘synchronised tremolo’, a Bigsby or a Floyd Rose, the factor about vibrato arms is that you really want them to be the place you count on them to be. The large dive-bomb second has come, you hit an ideal harmonic and end up greedy at skinny air as a result of the arm has swung all the way in which down. Trendy vibrato assemblies usually have grub screws that may be set to attain the popular stability between solidity and swingability. When you’ve discovered the place the screw is, you may set-and-forget. Nonetheless, vintage-style Strat vibratos may be extra problematic, as a result of they’ll develop into free within the block. In addition to refusing to remain put, there may be extreme play inside the arm gap that makes the vibrato system free and unresponsive.

Fixing a free vibrato arm may be so simple as tightening a nut or dropping in some thread-seal tape

Some folks advocate dropping a spring into the block that can compress in opposition to the arm because it’s tightened and maintain it agency. We’ve discovered that wrapping the arm’s threaded part with PTFE tape from a plumbing-supply store does the job simply as effectively. The tape may have altering on occasion, however it’s dust low-cost. Bigsby arms are held in place by a spring pushing in opposition to a few nuts. The quantity of compression on the spring impacts the arm’s swingability, and you’ll alter this by loosening the outer nut, repositioning the interior one and retightening the outer one. After you have the texture you need, apply a drop of Tremendous Glue between the nuts and so they’ll maintain tight.


It’s most likely occurred to all of us sooner or later. Every thing was tremendous earlier, however whenever you flick the standby change, there’s the sound of silence. Panic could appear acceptable, however staying calm and attempting to hint the issue logically is extra prone to get the present again on the street. Assuming the amp is okay and your guitar quantity is turned up (sure, actually), the almost definitely state of affairs is a communication breakdown someplace between your guitar and amp. Invariably, issues of this nature may be traced to a dodgy cable.

When checking to your dodgy cable, make sure you unscrew and study the solder joints to verify the core and defend wires aren’t touching

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Attempt pulling your guitar cable from the pedalboard and plugging immediately into the amp. If it really works, do the identical with the cable operating from the pedalboard to your amp. If each are working, it’s most likely one of many patch cables in your board. Established sound-engineering follow is to work backwards via the sign path till you discover the difficulty. On this case, which means pulling the patch cable from the output of the penultimate pedal within the chain and touching the tip along with your fingertip. For those who get noise via your amp, plug the patch cable again in and transfer onto the subsequent one. Repeat till you don’t get any noise, and also you’ve discovered the dodgy patch.

You can even check cables electronically. For those who personal a multimeter, set it to continuity and contact the check probes to each suggestions of the jacks. If the connection is nice, the meter will buzz. Do the identical with the sleeve sections of the plugs. If that additionally exams ‘good’, however the cable nonetheless doesn’t work, attempt the check once more with one probe on a tip and the opposite on a sleeve. For those who get the continuity buzz this time, it means the cable has shorted out. Unscrew the jack plugs and study the solder joints to test that the core and defend wires aren’t touching. If the plugs look okay, the brief might be someplace inside the cable and also you want a brand new one.

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You can even carry out rudimentary cable exams utilizing a speaker cupboard and a nine-volt battery pulled from a pedal. Plug the suspect cable into the cab and contact the optimistic and adverse battery terminals in opposition to the tip and sleeve of the cable’s unused jack plug. If the cable is working correctly, you must hear a momentary thump coming from the audio system.


Hold them, case them, stand them or bag them… which possibility is finest for conserving your guitar secure? Some years in the past, I interviewed Dave Edmunds, who defined one of many causes he bought off his guitar assortment to me: proudly owning over 30 classic guitars, he needed to preserve them in circumstances. Each time he felt like enjoying one, it needed to be pulled out of storage, cleaned and arrange with contemporary strings, as a result of they all the time went useless within the case.

Maintaining your classic electrical guitar in its case may not be one of the best factor for its {hardware} and end, whilst you’ll need one thing extra sturdy than a classic wood arduous case should you’re planning to gig it

By the point the guitar was in a playable situation, Edmunds had normally misplaced curiosity and the guitar was put again into hibernation. Few gamers personal 30 guitars, not to mention classic ones, however many people consider we’re doing the fitting factor by conserving our guitars in circumstances. Sadly, this follow can do extra hurt than good. Apart from the accelerated corrosion that invariably dulls the strings, frets and {hardware}, there’s the difficulty of growing older celluloid plastic.

Over time, the plastic emits vapours that eat into steel plating and might injury the end. Classic Gretsches are notably infamous for ‘binding rot’, however in our expertise, the celluloid binding survives simply tremendous if the guitar is saved on a stand or held on a wall. One other benefit of hanging your guitars, or conserving them on stands, is which you can simply seize one every time the temper takes you. A wall of guitars additionally appears to be like fairly cool, and so they’ll by no means scent musty or mouldy.

Some acoustic aficionados take a barely totally different view, arguing that conserving all-solid guitars in sealed circumstances with managed humidity prevents wooden shrinkage and cracking. Sustaining fixed humidity additionally ensures constant tone and there are numerous humidifiers in the marketplace from producers resembling Martin, Planet Waves, D’Addario and Oasis.

Ignored within the rain

Maintaining guitars in good situation at house is one factor, however ensuring they’re secure and safe whenever you’re out gigging and touring is one thing else completely. Maintaining your guitar secure is paramount and regardless of how nice some classic guitars could also be, the identical can’t be mentioned for all classic circumstances. The one factor an ‘alligator case’ will shield a classic Les Paul Junior from is the rain – and that’s debatable. Even Joe Bonamassa isn’t carting ‘The Snakebite’ all over the world in a ‘Cali Woman’ case. Though 70s and 80s Gibsons could also be unloved, the Gibson ‘Protector’ circumstances of that period are thought to be one of the best ever, and that’s what Joe tends to make use of. For those who journey to gigs by automobile and carry your personal stuff, sturdy trendy circumstances are your finest wager. But when your gear goes into autos and planes alongside heavy objects like amps, cupboards and drummers, a correct flightcase is indispensable.


Two points are likely to happen with strap buttons – straps falling off the buttons, and buttons falling off the guitar. The outcomes may be catastrophic in addition to comedic, however there are numerous methods to make sure that your guitars hold tight.

For those who desire the look of vintage-style buttons however need to cut back the danger, many guitarists have efficiently used the rubber washers from the stopper tops of Grolsch beer bottles. The strap goes on first, the rubber washer goes excessive and the issue is solved. It’s an costly approach to do it and you find yourself with pink elements in your guitar, however a minimum of you may benefit from the beer. Alternatively, you should purchase black rubber-lock strap-lock washers on eBay, which value lower than £2 for a pack of 10.

Contemplate moulded plastic strap locks that slip over vintage-style strap buttons – such because the Jim Dunlop Ergo. Maybe the most secure possibility is to go for full-on locking strap buttons, however that can imply taking off the previous buttons to suit the brand new ones. Since they’re solely held on with screws, should you can function a screwdriver you are able to do the job your self.

The trickier challenge is how one can stop strap buttons from pulling out if the screw is free within the physique. You would possibly contemplate drilling out the outlet, filling it with wooden glue and tapping in a dowel. As soon as the glue is ready, you may drill a brand new pilot gap and as long as the diameter of the dowel is lower than that of the strap button, the restore will probably be invisible.

The ‘matchstick trick’ isn’t only for finding out your strap button – it’s nice for finding out problematic pickguard holes as effectively…

Alternatively you may pack the free screw gap with wood matchsticks, toothpicks or cocktail sticks and a beneficiant squirt of wooden glue. Once more, you’ll must drill a brand new pilot gap for the button screw, however the repair ought to be everlasting. You may additionally attempt utilizing longer screws than can chunk into contemporary wooden, however make sure the diameter is appropriate for the button.


Some guitar gamers wrestle to distinguish between pretty classic patina and plain previous dust and refuse ever to scrub their guitars. It’s a private factor, however we really feel guitars which can be commonly cleaned and maintained are likely to function extra reliably.

Get into the behavior of wiping down your strings with a clear material or some proprietary string cleaner after jamming or gigging. These merchandise are low-cost, fast and simple to make use of – and by eradicating sweat, grease and dust out of your strings, they might last more and that can prevent cash.

Two or 3 times a 12 months, attempt cleansing your fingerboard throughout a routine string change. Naphtha is good and you’ll apply lemon oil or fretboard conditioner to ebony and rosewood ’boards to maintain them feeling and looking good. Attempt sprucing the frets, too, with some Micro-Mesh or Crimson Guitars’ Fret Rubbers. Clean and glossy frets make string bends really feel simpler.

Grease and dirt may also get into the end on the again of the neck, making it really feel gradual and sticky. Once more, naphtha will help to an extent, however the simplest product now we have tried is Virtuoso Premium Cleaner. It miraculously lifts out all of the gunk whereas leaving the end unscathed, and it’s appropriate for classic guitars. A fast test of all of the screws and fixings can be worthwhile to make sure strap buttons, tuners and pickguards are all correctly fixed.

When you’re at it, apply guitar lube the place wanted – in nut slots, below string bushes and on the pivot factors of vibrato bridges. Lastly, run an electronics check to ascertain that the whole lot is working correctly. Prevention is all the time higher than a treatment, and common upkeep lets you get pleasure from your guitars extra – and should prevent cash.


When altering your strings, give the fingerboard a correct clear two or 3 times a 12 months – rosewood ’boards reply effectively to lemon oil

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