Without a quality graphics card on your laptop or PC, you can’t watch a movie or play a game. And we are talking not only about demanding games, like Cyberpunk 2077 but also simple slots you can find after creating your PlayAmo login. When it comes to choosing this device, various nuances emerge. Let’s find out what parameters you should pay attention to while choosing a video card.
Types of Video Cards
There are several types of video cards on the market:
- Discrete with a built-in graphics processor, a cooling and power system, and video outputs.
- Integrated that are integrated into the central processor during production.
- USB video cards are attached to the monitor and processor to replace a broken graphics adapter, or when connecting an extra monitor.
Choose a video adapter based on your needs and budget to do a specific job, play games, or for everyday Internet surfing.
Gaming types of computer with these same graphics cards are at the peak of popularity. Gaming video adapters have high performance, work with demanding software. Due to the characteristics, any graphically complex game will capture a person.
Professional graphics cards are installed on their laptops editors, people who work with graphic design and 3D graphics.
Despite their increased power, they are not suitable for games, because they solve absolutely different problems. The price of professional video adapters is on par with gaming video cards.
Built-in video cards are in every laptop or PC. They are suitable for common tasks – watching a movie, writing a term paper, or surfing social networks.
These video adapters are quiet because they don’t have their own coolers, they are convenient to use, and they consume little power. Their price isn’t calculated, because it’s included in the cost of the PC.
The only disadvantage of such a built-in video adapter is that it takes the RAM for video from the general RAM of the computer. Therefore, its volume should be taken care of, so that the system does not fail and you do not have to choose between the screen resolution 780 and HDD.
Nvidia or AMD — Which One to Choose?
Nvidia and AMD are the world’s leading graphics card manufacturers. Disputes about which video adapter is better never cease. The answer is always ambiguous, because each manufacturer has its own strengths and weaknesses. The fundamental difference between AMD and Nvidia is in the following features:
- Performance. Nvidia has better performance than AMD. Nvidia video cards perform better in multitasking mode and can perform complex operations.
- Technology solution. Nvidia uses PhysX technology, which makes the image almost lifelike. Thanks to ray tracing, you can show the play of light and shadow. DLSS technology is used to reduce the image resolution without losing quality.
- Price. AMD has established itself as a manufacturer of video cards of the cheap and medium segment. Nvidia can not be cheap.
- Support. Nvidia does not optimize drivers for older video adapters. AMD always supports older generations, graphics processors.
- Power consumption. Nvidia GPUs use less power, while AMD video adapters generate more heat.
The software from these manufacturers is on the high side. Sometimes AMD drivers fail – badly matched, unstable. But the software application itself, its interface looks modern and easy to use. Nvidia drivers are more technologically advanced, but the software interface has not changed much.
If you choose an adapter for games with realistic characters and detailed drawings, stop at Nvidia. You don’t need high performance for working on your computer or watching movies, so take a closer look at AMD.
Graphics Card Size
If we talk about the size of graphics processors, they are important for discrete adapters. When installing them, we must take into account the space that the video card will take up. If the system unit is large, a compact graphics processor can easily fit into it. If the system unit is compact, a large adapter with a powerful cooling system will not fit there.
The dimensions can be viewed on the manufacturer’s website. Note that low-priced adapters are often small in size, midrange adapters are slightly longer, and top-of-the-line GPUs can be up to 30 cm long.
The thickness of a video adapter is calculated in the slots it occupies in the system unit. One slot is 3 cm. There are two types of adapters:
- Single-slot – low performance, cheap in price.
- Two-slot – the middle segment, performs well.
Performance is one of the most important criteria when choosing a video adapter. For games, it should be as high as possible to pass large amounts of audiovisual information.
The higher the performance, the more power the video card consumes and its cooling system is more noisy.
One of the criteria to choose a video adapter is its memory. The larger the amount of video memory, the more data can be stored in it, which means less frequent access to the laptop’s slow RAM.
The following types of memory are used for gaming graphics cards:
The higher the memory type number, the better it performs. The frequency of video memory varies within these limits:
- For all adapters at least 5GHz.
- For mid-priced cards, 7-8 GHz.
- Top-end video adapters run at 11 GHz.
Modern graphics video adapters have a bandwidth of 80-512 Gbps. Low bandwidth limits CPU and GPU performance. Higher bandwidth is unprofitable because of the price/performance ratio.