Car Body Parts Names with Images – Internal & External Auto Parts List

car body

car body parts names with images

If you want to drive a car safely and maintain it properly, understanding different parts of it is important. Understanding the components of your car and how they work will help you quickly identify and fix any problems.

That’s why I’ve prepared the article below where I’ve shown the major car body parts names with images. For better understanding, I’ve divided the parts into two parts- external auto parts list and internal parts list. I hope it’ll help you to get a basic understanding of your car.

These descriptions are only a summary. To learn more, it is important to do extensive research. This article should help you get started understanding your car.

External Car Body Parts Names with Images

1. Headlamp

car headlamp

Headlamp is an important part of a car, often called as headlight too. It is located at the front of the car. This helps the driver drive safely by removing any darkness. The headlamps produced by a vehicle can produce different types lights such as full beam, dipped, fog, indicator, hazard warn light and so on.

Headlamps are generally powered by the vehicle’s battery to illuminate the road. There are three main types of headlamps that are used today: LED, Xenon, and Halogen.

2. Mirror

Car Mirror

A car comes with three mirrors which help you to watch your back- a rearview mirror and two wing mirrors.

The car’s rearview mirror is a mirror that can be seen inside. It shows you what’s happening behind you. Because it’s a flat mirror it can show the size and distance of all vehicles behind you.

On each side of the car, there are two wing mirrors. These convex mirrors allow for a wider view. These mirrors can show the vehicles further than their actual location.

3. Trunk

Car Trunk

This is the main place where you store your belongings which you’re carrying with you. A lid is the cover that prevents or allows access to the trunk. The trunk is usually the only storage area in your car that is intended to hold bags and luggage.

Car trunks are usually found at the back. In some vehicles where engine is situated at the middle, you’ll find trunks in both front and rear side of car.

4. Wheel

Car Wheels

Wheels are the parts of the car which help it to move forward or backward. A tire covers each wheel to ensure smooth operation.

There are many parts to a wheel. A wheel’s major parts are its barrel, lug holes (barrel), lug holes, centre bore and centre bore as well as the outer lip, spoke, stem and centre disc. Together, these components create a wheel that works as one.

A complex system controls wheels in a car. To understand wheels properly, you’ll have to know about a lot of things including wheel size measurement, wheel offset, bolt pattern etc.

5. Hood

Car Hood - autolovins

Hood is the part of a car which allows you access to the engine of the car. It is typically located in the front end of the vehicle near the engine. The hood used to be located on the rear of some older cars, where the engine was on the front side.

The purpose of the hood, aside from protecting the engine and its components from rain, snow, and dust, is to keep them safe. The hood can be opened to allow you easy access to your engine whenever it is needed.

6. Bumper

Car Bumper with image

This is the part of a car which keeps your car body safe from minor bumps or collision. Most bumpers are made of plastic or metal to absorb small shocks from low-speed crashes.

While the main purpose of a bumper should be to prevent damage to a car, they are often used to improve its appearance. You’ll find a lot of stylish bumpers out there in the market for this purpose. There are many kinds of bumpers. There are several types of bumpers: standard bumper, cowboy bumper and tube bumper.

7. Door

Car Door

A car door is there to let you access inside the car and keep you safe when you’re inside. Depending on the model, you’ll find 2 to 4 doors in a car. Typically it is hinged with the car body. Doors are usually opened manually. But you’ll see doors that can be controlled from a distance too.

A car door has different parts, for example- door lock, door handle, door panel, storage compartment etc. A part of the door is also the window. You’ll find the window glass controller too in the door.

8. Windshield

car Windshield

This is the big glass in the front that allows the driver and front seat passenger to see the road. Windshield’s main purpose is to shield the driver from wind blowing forward. That’s why it is called windshield.

Windshield is now more than just that. It serves as a safety feature for both the driver and front-seat passenger.

In the past windshields were made only from one piece of glass. But in recent time, manufacturers are using laminated glass to make windshield so that the broken pieces of glass don’t harm the people inside.

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9. Roof

car Roof

The name says it. Roof The protective layer over the passenger compartment that keeps the interior safe from outside elements such as wind, rain and sun. In some cars, roofs are fixed and some cars come with roofs that can be opened. Sometimes roofs come with a small window that can be opened when needed.

A car roof can also be used as an external storage. You can find roof racks on the market which can fit in your roof to store things.

10. Tail light

car Tail light

Tail lights are the lights at the rear side of the car that light up when you brake. These lights alert other vehicles that you are braking. These also serve as an indicator that you are turning left or right.

Normally you’ll find two colors in tail lights- red and yellow. Having tail light is important because if you don’t signal the vehicles behind that you’re stopping, those may hit your car from behind.

Internal Car Body Parts Names with Images

1. Engine

car Engine

Engine is called the heart of your car. Engines are usually located on the front of the car. But some models come with engine at the middle or rear side. It is responsible for creating the force that turns wheels by converting heat from burning gases.

It is a complicated task. This requires that the engine is strong enough to bear the load. There are many types of engines on the market. While the engines have different structures, their main function is almost identical in maximum engines.

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2. Battery

car battery

This is another important part needed to run your car. This battery is essential for all electric components in your car. It is rechargeable in order to supply electricity to all components that use electricity. Most of the items were manually operated in early cars. There was no need for batteries.

Automobile batteries are wet cell batteries with six cells. It is simple to understand. There are many different types of automotive battery on the market. Each type offers its own advantages.

3. Alternator

car Alternator

An alternator is an important port for the cars with internal combustion engine. When the engine is in use, the alternator generates electric power that charges the battery. It is responsible for powering the battery and also supplies power to various mechanisms.

The alternator includes the following parts: stator and rotor; diode rectifier; voltage regulator; and cooling fan. Although battery is often given credit for powering electric parts of a car’s engine, the alternator is what does the job.

As the engine generates mechanical power, an alternator is placed beside or in front.

4. Radiator

car Radiator

Radiator has a great impact on running your car properly as it keeps the engine cool when it is running. The radiator absorbs heat from the liquid gas and keeps it cool. The gas is then absorbed into the engine. This keeps it cool. The heat from the gas is then emitted outside the car.

The radiator is made up of several parts, including the core, pressure cap and transmission cooler. The engine can be damaged if it isn’t working properly.

5. Transmission


Transmission in a car refers to the gearbox. You can adjust the speed and torque according to the driving conditions by using the gear and the gear trains.

Transmission is a more general term in British English. Transmission is the complete drivetrain that includes gearbox, clutch differential, differential, prop shaft, final drive shaft, and other components.

Transmission comes with a few gear ratios which allow you to switch between those depending on the speed variation. Recent popularity has been given to automatic transmission. In the past, manual switching between gears was required.

6. Brake

brake rotors

Brake is that part of your car which helps you to slow down or stop your car when needed. Most brakes create friction, which is what slows down or stops the wheel.

There are different types of brakes you’ll find. There are many types of brakes. However, the most effective braking system has some common components. These include brake rotors. calipers. brake pads. wheel cylinders. installing hardware. brake cables.

7. Muffler

muffler for car

Muffler is a part of exhaust system of your car. It dampens the engine noise and helps reduce emissions. It is located on the vehicle’s rear end.

Burnt gases are released into the exhaust system when the exhaust valve is opened. The soundwave created by the combustion of gas is powerful. The muffler decreases the wave’s noise and releases it outside. Although the process is straightforward, the science behind it can be quite complex.

Mufflers must be sturdy. It must also be strong enough to withstand high heat. As a result, mostly these are made of steel with aluminum coating.

8. Fuel Tank

Fuel Tank

Fuel tank is the storage where the fuel that helps to run the car is stored. The tank size will vary depending on how big the car is. Compact cars have a fuel tank that is smaller than others. It comes with an opening through which it is filled with fuel. A second opening connects the tank with the engine.

Fuel tanks should be made of such a material that doesn’t contaminate the fuel inside. These tanks should be rustproof. This is why these tanks are often made from a combination different metals.

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9. Axle

Car Axle

Axle is a shaft under the car that holds the wheels together and allows those to rotate accordingly. Axles also carry the vehicle’s weight.

There are three types of axles: the front axle, rear axle and the stub axle. These are the main types.

The size of your car will affect the number of axles you need. The steering wheel’s movement is normally controlled by the front axle.

10. Catalytic Converter

car Catalytic Converter

This is a part of your car that converts harmful emissions into less harmful emissions through chemical process. Because of the engine process, your car’s exhaust gas includes carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, nitric oxide and hydrocarbons. These harmful gases are converted by a catalytic converter into water vapour and carbon dioxide.

You’ll find different types of catalytic converters in the market. Two-way and three way converters are the most common.


Q: What are car body parts?

A: Car body parts are the outer components of a vehicle that give it its shape, including the hood, doors, fenders, bumpers, and trunk.

Q: What materials are car body parts made of?

A: Car body parts can be made of various materials, including steel, aluminum, plastic, fiberglass, and carbon fiber.

Q: What is the purpose of car body parts?

A: Car body parts serve both functional and aesthetic purposes. They protect the vehicle’s inner components from damage and provide a pleasing appearance.

Q: Can car body parts be easily replaced?

A: Many car body parts can be easily replaced, especially if made of plastic or fiberglass. However, properly replacing metal body parts may require welding or other specialized techniques.

Q: Why should I replace damaged car body parts?

A: Damaged car body parts not only affect the appearance of your vehicle but can also compromise its safety and performance.

Final Verdict

The car body parts names with images above are the most common things that you need to know about your car. Cars are a complicated structure. There are many more. But as a user, you don’t need to know more than these.

If you’re interested in learning more, there are many resources available. Google it and you’ll get a deep see of resources. Get deep.

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